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Physiotherapy is a branch of health science that involves appeal to natural elements or mechanical, and physical exercises and body movements. It is characterized by developing appropriate search functions that produce the body's systems, where its good or bad performance impacts on human kinetics or body movement.


Using scientifically proven techniques, physiotherapy treats people who have lost or are at risk of losing or altering a temporary or permanent movement, and thus physical functions. This is under no forgetting the fundamental role of physiotherapy in the field of prevention for optimal overall health.


In conclusion, physiotherapy is not a simply set of procedures or techniques. It should be a deep understanding of the human being. It is therefore essential to treat people as a whole bio-psycho-social by the close interrelation between these three different areas.


The professional in this area receives the title of physiotherapist. The therapist is a professional who must be trained and authorized to assess, examine, diagnose, and treating impairments, functional limitations and disabilities of their patients and clients.


The World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) recommends physiotherapists who have undertaken educational programs based on a college or university level, with a minimum of 4 years, validated and accredited. Vocational education prepares physical therapists to be autonomous professionals trained to work in collaboration with other members of the healthcare team. The curriculum includes the physiotherapist knowledge and learning experiences in the clinical sciences (eg, content about the cardiovascular, endocrine, pulmonary, metabolic, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions and medical Surgical seen more often by the physiotherapist).

The curriculum for the degree of physiotherapy also include:

Research to determine whether patients or clients require further examination or referral to another health professional.

  • Evaluation of patients or clients by obtaining a medical history and other sources.
  • Evaluation of exploration data (history, systems review, and tests and measures) to make clinical decisions.
  • Determine a diagnosis that guides future patient.
  • Collaborate with patients or clients, family members, professionals and other individuals to determine a plan of care that is acceptable, realistic, culturally competent, and patient-centered.
  • Provide physical therapy interventions needed to achieve the different goals and results.
  • Promote prevention, health promotion and welfare of individuals.

Physiotherapy is a free, independent and autonomous profession.